For the most part, states have exclusive jurisdiction over the land within their borders, and their law concerning the kind of interests that can be held and how they are created is not subject to federal law. Some federal law protections exist for discrimination and environmental violations. Property law governs personal interests in property, such as rights of ownership, requirements in sales and transfers of property, and settlement of claims against property. Common disputes involve maintenance of condominiums and cooperatives, establishing property title and boundary lines, and zoning and property land use. Real estate and property law also comprises the financing aspects of property, such as mortgages and foreclosures.
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